District Profile

The Godda district is situated in the North East of Jharkhand State. Godda is 350 Kms away from Ranchi. It is surrounded by Sahebganj & Pakur district in the East, Bhagalpur district of Bihar State in North & West and Dumka district in the South. It is situated between 240.47' to 250.23' Northern Latitude and between 870.08' to 870.48' Eastern Longitude. Godda district came into existence on 25th May 1983, after being carved out from the district of Santhal Pergana. Since 1855, Godda has been a sub-division of Santhal Pargana. Historically no systematic document about the district seems to be available. Still a number of stone weapons and tools such as axes, hammers, arrow-leads or agricultural implements found in the Santhal Pargana, obviously confirmed the fact that like other parts of the world this region too had experienced the living of stone age and certainly would have been the inhabitants of this region during early Vedic age . Detailed account of this region until the time of Hiuen Tsiang - a Chinese pilgrim, who visited Champa about 645 A.D ,is not available. During that time the area of Santhal Pargana was under the Pal rule who was the great patron of Buddhism . At the time of Turko-Afgan rule when Shershah Suri and his heirs were the administrators , this area was of strategic significance in course of getting possession over Bengal . Later on under Muslim rule this area was received as Jagir by Governor Raja Mansingh from Mugal emperor Akbar. By 1717 the Santhal tribe which inhabited in Santhal Pargana gradually became victim of Britishers policy of exploitation and they being united rebelled against the Britishers in 1855 which was termed as '' Hul '' . This rebellion was so terrific and troublesome for the Britishers that they were compelled to accord Santhal Pargana the status of district separating it from Bhagalpur and Birbhum to protect culture, tradition socio- economic structure of aboriginals and primitive tribes. Geographical The geographical area of the district is 2110.40 Sq. Km, of which cultivable land is 131140 Hect and the area covered with forest is 37172.92 Hect. The climate of the district is of diverse nature. Average rainfall of this district is 1094.9 mm. In summer, the average maximum temperature is 410 C and average minimum is 280 C and in winter, the average maximum temperature is 280 and average minimum is 130 C respectively. Rivers and Ravines Sunder, Kajhia, Harna, Tribeni, Doi, Geruwa, Kauwa, Gumani are the main rivers. None of the rivers are perennial, Almost all the rivers dry up by the end of rainy season, they appears merely beds of sand with little or no water but generally they hold sufficient water below. The whole district is having a mixed type of topography where the hills & hillocks are scattered through out the area. Almost all the eight blocks of the district are having both hilly & plain tracks. Most of the parts of the Boarijore & Sunderpahari blocks are covered with Rajmahal hills. Administrative Unit The district consists of 8 Community Development Blocks & 8 Revenue Circles namely Godda, Pathergama, Mahagama, Meharma, Thakurgangti, Boarijore, Sunderpahari & Poraiyahat. The total no. of Police Station and out posts are 13 in numbers. Tourism (i)Yogini Shakti Peeth :- Situated near Lakhanpahari village at the distance of 2 Kms from Pathergama, has got religions diminance. According to the old story, legend lord Shiva, carrying the charred body of Sati , started Tandava Nirtya and wherever the part of the limb of Sati fell temple of Shakti came up in due course. In the process the thigh of Sati Uma is to have fallen here. Symbolic stone impression is being worshipped with great devotion. Tuesday and Saturday are considered the auspicious day when thousands of devotees come from far off. The shrine has an aura of divine sublimity which tends to give peace of mind and repose faith in the devotees. (ii) Basantrai :- This place is at the distance of 12 Kms from the headquarter of Pathergama Block which was inhabited by Raja Basant Rai . There existed a big tank in 50 acres of land . According to legend, no one has ever been able to cross the tank from one end to another whether by swimming or an elephant or in a boat. If any one ventured to do so he would find enciected his feet and dragged himself down to the watery grave . It is also believed that the tank was being invited on the occasion of marriages or any kind of social ceremonies and people asking for utensils required for the occasion could get miraculously from the water of the tank. Purpose being served these materials were bound to be returned to the tank failing which they had to face calamity or misfortune . This belief is still relied up-on and it is held sacred for Hindus and a big MELA (fair) is held on its bank for 15 days beginning from Chaita Sankranti festival i.e. 14th April.